Meaning of Drone
The word drone has many different meanings and it is derived from old English word dragon, which means ‘male bee’. But when talking about a drone as an electrical device, we think of missiles or remote-control pilotless planes.In Aviation and Space, a drone refers to a plane or spacecraft without a pilot. There are other words for this, and it is “Unmanned Aerial Vehicle” or UAV.
Definition of Drone
An unmanned aircraft or ship, which can navigate autonomously without human control or beyond the line of sight.
Another used definition is: “The drone is any unmanned aircraft or vessel that is controlled remotely”.
What is Drone?
Drones, in technical terms, are an unmanned aircraft. The drones are more formally known as unmanned aerial vehicles Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) or unmanned aircraft system Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS).
Basically, the drone is a flying robot. Aircraft can be remotely controlled or in a self-employed way through a software-control flight plan in their embedded system working on the onboard sensor and GPS.
They are aerial vehicles that come in many sizes, shapes, and functions, which are controlled from the ground by a remote or control system. They are usually used to accomplish tasks in which human flight is considered risky. Drones are mostly used in military services, but they are now being used in various public works such as search and rescue, weather analysis, etc.
History of Drone
The first pilotless vehicles were built during World War I. These early models were launched by Catbelt or blown up using radio controls. In January 1918, the US Army started production of an aerial torpedo. The model developed, the catering bug, was successfully fired in some trials, but the war ended before further development.
Unmanned aircraft development and testing continued during the Gruh war period In 1935, the British produced several radio-control aircraft as a target for training purposes. It seems that at this time the word ‘drone’ was started, which was inspired by the name of one of these models, DH.82B Queen Bee Radio-control drones were also manufactured in the United States and used for target practice and training.
In the Vietnam War large-scale detective UAV were deployed. The drone was also used in many new roles, such as the trap in the war, for launching missiles on certain targets and for psychological tasks.
After the Vietnam War, other countries outside the United Kingdom and the United States began to explore unmanned Aerial Technology. The new models became more sophisticated, with better endurance and the ability to maintain high altitude. In recent years, the models that have been developed have been used to combat the problem of refueling in long flights, techniques like solar energy are being used.
At the end of 2012, Wired magazine Chief Editor Chris Anderson retired to dedicate himself to his drone company, 3D Robotics Inc. The company, which specializes in fond personal drawings, now solves it for the creation of photography and film companies.
At the end of 2013, Amazon was one of the first organizations to announce that using commercial drones for delivery activities.